Creep out your friends this Halloween by making these spooky vegan treats.
A common argument against veganism is what would happen to all the animals if we stopped eating them and their products? Wouldn’t they all go extinct? Isn’t it awful for people who supposedly care about animals to want to wipe out entire species?
First of all, let’s take a look at all the wild animals and species we have already wiped out due to our obsession with keeping livestock.
Since the start of agriculture, humanity has destroyed 83% of wild mammals, 80% of marine animals, 50% of plants, and 15% of fish. (2017 study: The biomass distribution on Earth). The percentage of vertebrate land animals who are wild has gone from 99% 10,000 years ago to only 1% today. Now the biomass of vertebrate land animals is made up of 32% humans and 67% livestock.
We do this by outright killing wild animals who compete with livestock, such as grazing animals like elk and deer. Animals such as beavers and prairie dogs who change the landscape are also killed to preserve the homogenous landscape preferred by livestock managers. Predators like bears and wolves are exterminated when they resort to preying on livestock as their natural habitats are eliminated.
We drive wild species to extinction by climate change, for which animal agriculture is largely responsible. At least 14.5% of human-induced global greenhouse gas emissions come from animal agriculture. Emissions come from animal digestion, transportation of livestock, and also the huge amount of land which is used for feed crops and grazing. Rising temperatures can alter or eliminate habitats, reduce food sources and cause droughts which all affect wild species. “Concentrated animal feeding operations,” or CAFOs create massive amounts of waste, which causes air and water pollution.
We take away the homes of wild animals, driving them to extinction by using up all the land to raise animals directly for human consumption or to raise crops to feed those animals. Livestock grazing destroys vegetation and damages wildlife habitats. Waterways are contaminated with fecal waste. Soil erosion is rampant.
The animals we know today as livestock are descended from free-living wild animals, some of whom are now extinct. The aurochs, ancestor of today’s cattle, was domesticated about 8,000 years ago, but some aurochs also remained in the wild until the end of the Middle Ages, when scientists believe they became extinct due to overhunting and loss of habitat.
Especially in the last 50 years, breeding has molded livestock animals into unnatural forms. These are animals who grow at an extremely fast rate so that their own skeleton struggles to support them. Some parts of their bodies are emphasized to grow exceptionally large, such as the breast of the chicken, or the udders on a cow. We have already driven some natural ancestors of livestock to extinction, like the aurochs. Others exist in the wild as natural animals but have the same issues as other wild animals because of livestock taking up so much room.
When we have changed an animal as much as this, for our benefit and to the detriment of the animal, have we not effectively eliminated the original natural animal?
Maybe we should just let what is left of their wild cousins exist in the wild?
So I think the questions we should be asking regarding extinctions, is why don’t we care about the rate of extinction that we are participating in by our animal-heavy diet, and why we are transforming livestock animals into unrecognizable mutants, who are unable to even survive to a reasonable age with help, never mind look after themselves in the wild.
Today I’d like to tell you about Jo-Anne McArthur, a Toronto-based award-winning photojournalist who recently won the 2018 Wildlife Photographer of the Year People’s Choice award.
Jo-Anne’s first photobook, We Animals is about animals in the human environment.
‘Drawn from thousands of photos taken over fifteen years, We Animals illustrates and investigates animals in the human environment: whether they’re being used for food, fashion and entertainment, or research, or are being rescued to spend their remaining years in sanctuaries.’
The cover shows Ron, a chimp who was used for extensive medical experimentation before ending up in a sanctuary. During his captivity, he was in a 5x5x7 foot cage, suspended above the ground. In the photo, he is at the sanctuary, where he usually chose to stay indoors although he had several acres of his own sanctuary space available. He would carefully arrange his blankets in a circle to form a nest.
Jo-Anne has also made thousands of photographs and videos of animals in human-dominated environments from the We Animals project available at www.weanimalsarchive.org.
Her second photobook, Captive, is a book that challenges our preconceptions about zoos and aquaria.
The film The Ghosts In Our Machine was based on Jo-Anne’s work and follows her as she works on the We Animals project.
Jo-Anne’s photo of Pikin, a young gorilla, and Appolinaire Ndohoudou, her caretaker, won the People’s Choice in Wildlife Photographer of the Year, and recently won the distinguished Alfred Fried Special Award of the Jury for the best single picture entry. It was selected from over 15,000 entries. The Fried Awards are specifically on the theme of peace in the world. It was taken at Ape Action Africa, while a sedated Pikin was being moved from one sanctuary to another. It’s a lovely photo which shows the trust and affection between the gorilla and her caretaker.
Jo-Anne remembered: “I sat in the front passenger seat, excitedly taking photos of this incredibly unique situation, when to my horror, Pikin awoke from the sedation. I think it goes without saying that one should never get in a car with an alert gorilla.”
Check out Jo-Anne’s website at joannemcarthur.com.
This weekend, Toronto’s Veg Food Fest is North America’s largest celebration of all things veg. With a beautiful lakefront location at Harbourfront Centre, free admission, 140 vendors, and 40 hours of free music and programming, there is something for everyone. Sweet tooth or health kick, you will find your fix.
Newbies to veg eating are particularly welcomed and catered for. You will find veg versions of your favourite foods, like cashew ice cream, cookies, cupcakes, artisanal vegan cheeses, pizza, sausages, samosas, salads, and smoothies. Many vendors offer free samples.
Some of the speakers and cooking demos are highlighted below. Find the full list at http://vegfoodfest.com/schedule/.
Check out local star chef Doug McNish share his secrets on ‘Veganizing the Classics’ on Saturday at 12:00pm. All food demos are free and you get to eat what is prepared. Doug runs the popular Mythology Diner which turns classic diner dishes veg. He also has a vendor booth at the fair and makes one of my favourite dishes, Polenta Poutine with mushroom gravy and cashew cheese.
Sam Turnbull – Fuss-Free Vegan Cooking (Saturday 6pm). ‘Vegan food doesn’t have to be complicated, time consuming, or expensive. Sam makes vegan cooking simple using easy to find ingredients to create drool-worthy recipes that will become your new go-to’s. Free food samples!’
John Lewis – Bad Ass Vegan (Saturday 6.30pm). ‘John “Bad Ass Vegan” Lewis discusses his take on the vegan movement and why people should incorporate a plant based lifestyle for themselves and for the planet.’
Amy Symington – Transitioning to a healthful, balanced plant based diet (Saturday 8pm). ‘Join Chef Amy Symington, nutrition professor and research associate at George Brown College, as she discusses vegan nutrition and how to confidently and healthfully transition to a plant based diet. Samples from new and popular cookbooks will be demonstrated and sampled!’
Edible IQ – Chocolate Dreams (Sunday 6pm). ‘Discover the world of vegan chocolate desserts like never before. Learn how to temper chocolate, and experience chocolate desserts that will make you forget you’re not floating in a cloud with chocolate angels.’
Don’t forget the 140 vendors who will be there all weekend offering baked goods, ice cream, full meals, snacks, clothing, health products, representing non-profits and more.
I’ll be at the Mercy For Animals table on Sunday from 12:00pm to 3:00pm so come and say hi!
Veg Food Fest is easily accessible by TTC, walking, cycling (it’s on the Martin Goodman trail), driving or GO train. See details here: http://vegfoodfest.com/getting-there/.
Attended by over 40,000 visitors each fall at Harbourfront Centre. The hours are as follows:
The Veg Food Fest is hosted by the Toronto Vegetarian Association.
Find more information here: vegfoodfest.com.
See a carrot, taste a hot dog! Use soy sauce, liquid smoke, apple cider vinegar, maple syrup and mustard in a marinade to get that hot dog flavour. Recipe here.
Eat a carrot dog out at Planta in Yorkville.
Bacon can be made at home from mushroom, eggplant or coconut.
Toss sliced shiitakes with olive oil and salt. Bake at 350 for 40 minutes.
Crispy eggplant bacon recipe here.
Coconut bacon is the one you are most likely to see commercially.
Here’s a recipe to make it at home.
Peel off wide strips from carrots. Marinate in liquid smoke and soy sauce then bake for 15-20 minutes. Serve with vegan cream cheese
Buy Carrot Lox ready made at YamChops.
Mash chickpeas with vegan mayo, lemon juice and salt, and mix well.
Want to just open a can? Try Sophie’s Kitchen Vegan Toona.
This recipe combines cauliflower steaks with delicious mushroom gravy.
Jackfruit has a meaty texture and absorbs any flavor. It’s often used in BBQ or pulled pork type dishes. Here’s a recipe for BBQ Jackfruit Sandwiches.
Get your jackfruit fix ready made at Yam Chops with their Hickory BBQ Ribs and Hickory BBQ Pulled Pork.
How many animal place names can you come up with? Buffalo, NY is an obvious one. Canadian places named after animals include Big Beaver in Saskatchewan, Deer Lake in Newfoundland and Eagle River in Ontario. Kelowna means “grizzly bear,” Aklavik, “place of bear” and Tuktoyaktuk, “reindeer that looks like caribou.” Kicking Horse Pass in the Rockies was named for an 1858 incident when James Hector was kicked by one of his packhorses.
There are also many place names whose animal origins are hidden.
Capri is a beautiful island in Italy that the Romans called ‘goat island’. But it may have originally been named ‘boar island’ (kapros) by the Greeks.
Goats are also featured in the Aegean Sea and Aigina (from root aig for ‘goat’).
Uruguay – this South American country gets its name from the Uruguay River and the word comes from the local language meaning “bird-river” or “river of painted birds”.
Sierra Leone is a West African nation that literally means “lion mountains”.
Coney Island is a seaside resort in New York famous for its amusement park. The most popular theory on how the island got its name is that it comes from an old spelling of the Dutch word for rabbit, conyn, because there was a large population of wild rabbits there. So it was named “Rabbit Island”, which was later anglicized to “Coney Island”.
Alcatraz – the island in the San Francisco bay famous for its prison – means “pelican”.
Moving to the United Kingdom, York in old English was Eoforwic (eofor means ‘wild boar’ + wic ‘outlying settlement). So ‘wild boar town’. This was changed by Scandinavian settlers to Iorvik and eventually Iork by the 13th century. Here at home, Toronto was named York from 1793 to 1834 and the name lives on locally in various incarnations.
Oxford, the university town in southern England means “the ford where the oxen cross.”
The Canary Islands are obviously named after those little yellow birds, right? Actually no, the birds are named after the islands. The Latin term Insuala Canaria means “Island of the Dogs.” The dog remains on the Canary Islands flag and coat of arms.
Find out more about animal place names here:
As we continue with the hot summer weather, here are the 10 best places in the Toronto area to get your plant-based ice cream fix.
cosmictreats.ca 207 Augusta Avenue 647-352-2207
Go nuts with scrumptious cashew-based homemade ice creams and sundaes. Their Far From Pedestrian Sundae is a local favourite.
bunners.ca 244 Augusta Ave. 647-350 2975
As well as being a vegan and gluten-free bakery, they also do soft serve cones.
hibiscuscafe.ca 238 Augusta Avenue 416-364-6183
“Experimental vegan ice cream flavours like sea buckthorn and strawberry basil from Hibiscus Cafe will have even the most die-hard dairy fanatic doing a double take (and a double scoop).” flyporter.com
http://sweetolenkas.ca 4 GTA locations :
Sweet Olenka’s has delicious coconut-based vegan ice cream bars, ice cream sandwiches, and custom-made ice cream cakes.
nanashake.com 4750 Yonge St. 416-226-6262
All the soft serve at this Yonge and Sheppard ice creamery is made in-house from fresh bananas. You’ll find rare flavours like Spiced Date and Rosey Pistachio as well as old favourites like Chocolate Delight and Strawberry Funshine.
vegandanishbakery.com 7718 Yonge St, Thornhill, ON 905-882-1331
Their all-season sundaes are expanded in the summer to include ice cream cones and a Strawberry Shortcake Sundae.
Not Your Mother Facebook Page 1346 Queen St W
Opening August 2, this is the newest ice cream hot spot.
www.kellysxo.com/ 401 Brant Street Burlington
This award-winning bakery (also check out their Mile High Brownie) is also known for their ice cream.
Use your blender or food processor to turn frozen bananas into a delicious home-made ice cream. I had my doubts about this when I first heard about it, but it really does taste like ice cream and has become a dessert staple.
Check out 10 easy and delicious flavours you can make quickly in your own kitchen from Chocolate Covered Katie.